AMMONIA ODOR AND IT'S EFFECT ON YOUR RABBIT
by Barbi Brown
Barbi Brown's Bunnies
Persistent high levels of ammonia can damage the delicate
nasal passages of rabbits. The nares in
the nose that filter out pathogens become damaged and often respiratory disease
For people who keep their pets in the house I recommend a pelleted type of litter made from Aspen, Kiln dried Pine, Wheat or straw. We use and sell Kiln dried Pine pellets manufactured by Eagle Valley and find them to be very odor absorbent and actually smell good when wet. You can use it in a litter pan or in the tray bottom.
We have a wonderful product called "NIX". Pleasant
soapy smell. It is a biological odor control agent not a masking agent
that simply covers up odors. Nix is a
combination of liquid live bacteria and biological enzymes that immediately
attack odor-causing substances and destroys them by bacterial action. It is non-polluting, non-toxic and
non-alkaline. It acts WITH nature not
For rabbits kept in an enclosed barn or shed the ammonia
levels can be very high, especially in winter when we close doors and windows
to prevent drafts. I recommend running
fans at floor level on low all year to help move the ammonia out of the
building. Rabbit facilities should all
have ventilation at floor level as well as overhead to maximize air flow and
prevent illness. The other critical
issue in reducing ammonia is to clean floors and trays several times a week.
Using shavings in trays can often trap ammonia but not allowing the air to dry the urine. We do not use anything in our trays but we empty them every 2 days and sweep the floors daily. We spray NIX in trays after they are cleaned and on the floors every 10 days. No system is perfect but we are obligated to protect the health of our herd at all times.